First, ask yourself where you plan to travel. Are you going to rides on streets, unpaved roads, bike paths, or a combination of these places? If you’re looking for a fast, sleek, and aerodynamic ride to get through asphalt streets, look for a road bike. The slim tires allow for fast speeds that are perfect for racing, commuting, and exercising.
If you love to venture out onto the trails, choose a mountain bike, designed with shock absorbing suspension. Rocks, roots, bumps – mountain bikes can handle it all.
For beginners on a budget, it is recommended to buy a bike with only front suspension, which will be sufficient for moderate mountain trails and will not give you that heavy and slow feeling that bikes with much more suspension can give you. Although they are much heavier than a typical road bike, mountain bikes generally offer easier gearing so that you can go through steep terrain.
1-Some bikes can handle multiple types of terrain.
Hybrids combine a more comfortable ride offered by mountain bikes and narrow, large-diameter wheels for speed on city streets.
2-Riding a bike does not fit your body and style
Before you go out for the first time, make sure you are comfortable on your bike. Adjust the height of the chair by placing your foot on the pedal at its furthest point – the leg should be straight so that when you pedal, the knee will bend slightly.
Your elbows should also be slightly bent.In this position, you will exert less effort and avoid unnecessary injuries.
As you begin long-distance cycling, what feels good to you may change, so these settings can be seamless and ever-changing. Pay attention to aches and pains after a trip to try to figure out if you need to make a change.
3-Lack of essential accessories
First thing: Always use one, even if the authorities in your country do not require it. In 2016, more than half of all cyclists who died in accidents were not wearing helmets. Road helmets are known to have fewer vents and an aerodynamic ovular shape, which makes them much safer than rounder ventilated urban helmets.
Other essentials to consider: a bike lock, if you ever want to leave your bike unattended, and most importantly, bike lights to make yourself even more visible to drivers. Everyone should have at least one flashing red light on the back of their bike. Headlights are essential if you plan to drive during dusk or rush hour when road traffic is heavier than usual.
If you plan on taking longer bike trips, you may want to look into tire repair kits. It’s no fun not being prepared twenty miles from home and getting a flat tire.
Other essential elements to protect you during long trips:
Cycling gloves and padded shorts
Sunscreen and sunglasses
Learning to handle the gears is a must if you want a smooth and comfortable ride. If you are facing a steep downhill grade, choose a bigger and higher gear by combining the highest size of the chainring (typically the lever found on the left side of the handlebar) with the lowest rear gear (the lever on the right side).
For steep hills, choose the opposite – combine the lowest chainring size with the highest rear gear. This will help your pedals turn smoother even while climbing a hill. On flat terrain, set the chainring to a medium to high setting, and the rear gears to a medium setting.
Anticipate the gear change before you have to. If you try to change gears while struggling on a hill, you run the risk of damaging your bike chain. When you’re in the process of shifting gears, pedal slowly forward until you feel the chain snap into place.